Monday, June 29, 2020

Carlyle Makes 13x Investment in ZoomInfo, CHK Bankrupt


The Carlyle Group and other ZoomInfo sponsors hold nearly 66% of the company's shares after an early June IPO which offered a mere 12% of ZoomInfo's common stock.  On June 4th ZoomInfo's IPO price was $21 per share.  It closed over $30 higher on Friday.  ZoomInfo is not the video conferencing Zoom, but a subscription provider of B2B sales and marketing intelligence.


It's not clear why the company has a $20 billion value when its S-1 showed the total addressable market for its services as $24 billion.  The $20 billion valuation is 66 times 2019 revenues.

The S-1 had a risk for not using non-GAAP financial measures.  A highly overvalued PEU affiliate using non-standard financial reporting, that's the greed and leverage boys.

It makes for big write ups, sometimes followed by big write downs. What will happen to Carlyle's huge holdings in Chesapeake Energy now that CHK filed for bankruptcy?   Was The Carlyle Group able to convince Robinhood gamblers to invest in CHK?

Market Realist reported:

In the first quarter of 2020, Carlyle Group exited most of its stake in Chesapeake Energy. The hedge fund sold around 864,000 Chesapeake Energy stocks. Notably, Carlyle Group was the largest institutional seller. In the fourth quarter of 2019, Chesapeake Energy accounted for 9.78% of Carlyle Group’s total portfolio of publicly traded securities.  The figure has fallen to 1.3% in the last quarter.
How many Robinhood buyers are behind ZoomInfo's nonsensical $20 billion valuation?  RH's website shows 11,426 Zoominfor shareholders.

The real Robin Hood stole from the rich and gave to the poor.  RobinHood may have enriched The Carlyle Group at the expense of the small investor.  It's a PEU world.

Saturday, June 27, 2020

Carlyle Invests in Indian Antibody Producing Pharma


Reuters reported on a late Friday evening:

U.S.-based Carlyle Group Inc has agreed to buy a 20% stake in the pharmaceutical unit of Indian conglomerate Piramal Enterprises Ltd for about $490 million, the companies said in a statement on Saturday. 
The Carlyle Group invested in Piramal which produces 50% of global antibody drug conjugate.  Antibody treatment is one method of curing people from COVID-19.

Carlyle made the deal as the U.S. and numerous states in the South and West hit record numbers of new cases on a daily basis.  The disease has a long way to go to reach herd immunity.

Until then Carlyle affiliates can help test for COVID antibodies (Ortho Clinical), assist with blood plasma collection (MAK Systems), produce antibody drug conjugate (Piramal) and ensure the maximum hospital bill for COVID-19 patients (TrustHCS).

Friday, June 26, 2020

Carlyle Flips Discounted Eggplant for Seven Bagger

  
Private Equity News reported:

Carlyle Group has sold UK-based software testing company Eggplant to Keysight Technologies for $330m. The firm scored a seven times return on the exit, a person familiar with the matter told Private Equity News.
The Carlyle Group bought Eggplant in 2016.   PEHub reported in January Carlyle would sell Eggplant for $385 million.  Keysight did not walk away from the deal like Carlyle did to American Express Global Business Travel.  The deal went through at a $55 million discount (14%) to prior news reports.

Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Carlyle Group to Make High Medical Bills Higher


The Carlyle Group wants to make more healthcare deals, according to co-CEO Kewsong Lee.

Two areas the firm likes include health care and technology.
In early 2020 Carlyle bought Trust HCS and MAK Systems.  A January 13th press release on the Trust HCS deal stated:

WindRose Health Investors, LLC ("WindRose"), the New York-based healthcare private equity firm, announced that it has completed the sale of substantially all of the assets of its portfolio company, Trust Healthcare Consulting Services, LLC ("TrustHCS" or the "Company"), to a healthcare joint venture established by an affiliate of The Carlyle Group and Cannae Holdings. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.
TrustHCS is a provider of staffing and advisory services for coding, clinical documentation improvement ("CDI"), denial management, and coding education solutions. TrustHCS leverages its team of 500+ professionals to provide best-in-class solutions that enable its clients to accelerate revenue cycle, improve revenue integrity, and reduce operating costs.
Trust Healthcare Consulting Services, headquartered in Springfield, Missouri, is a provider of staffing and advisory services that improve the financial strength of healthcare organizations. The Company's services and oversight improve the reliability, integrity and security of our clients' financial health and enables clinicians, HIM, revenue cycle and clinical documentation improvement leaders gain visibility, insight and control of financial outcomes associated with every patient encounter.
Carlyle's website makes no mention of the Trust HCS deal.  JV partner Cannae's issued the following statement in November 2019:

Cannae Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:CNNE) (“Cannae” or the “Company”) today announced that it has entered into an agreement to participate in a health care joint venture with an investment vehicle advised by an affiliate of The Carlyle Group and another investor with deep health care services experience. The joint venture will focus on acquiring, integrating and operating synergistic health care services companies in the provider and payer space. 

Cannae will contribute its T-System business to the joint venture and Cannae’s joint venture partners will contribute equity capital to enable it to acquire other complementary health care services companies. As part of this effort, T-System has also entered into a definitive agreement to acquire a leading provider of coding and clinical documentation services to domestic health care providers which will be funded by the joint venture. 
The investment vehicle affiliated with The Carlyle Group will be the majority controlling shareholder of the joint venture..
Consider the impact of T Systems for citizens in Savannah, Georgia.

A few months after transitioning to T-System’s RevCycle+® service, Memorial University Medical Center’s revenue quickly increased to the numbers T-System had estimated. And, just a few months later, revenue continued to improve even further to $1,269 per patient visit, from the original baseline of $1,040 per patient visit.
Results
$24.8 million gross annual revenue increase:
• $259 increase per patient for facility E/M charges\
• $31 increase per patient for facility procedure charges
• $502 increase per patient for observation services charges
A higher level of service was assigned for about 65 percent of the ED patients, and a lower level of service was assigned to three percent. Also, a higher level of service was assigned for about 70 percent of observation cases.

Maximizing healthcare reimbursement is a decades old game.  It got current Florida Senator Rick Scott in trouble when he was President of hospital giant HCA. 

KKR and Bain Capital bought HCA in 2006 and conducted an IPO in 2011.  KKR/Bain continued selling stock in HCA in 2013. 

KKR and HCA pair bid on surprise medical biller Envision but HCA fell away. KKR completed that deal alone.

Carlyle's new joint venture overlaps with surprise medical billing


Could T System/TrustHCS be encouraging the use of surprise medical billing? 

While Congress funneled trillions in coronavirus relief to prop up Wall Street it has done nothing on surprise medical billing.  Washington Monthly reported:

The stakes are high in this fight not only because surprise bills are so unjust, but also because it engages the most important long-term issue in health care: rising and unsustainable costs. 

Eliminating surprise billing entirely would save people with employer-provided health insurance approximately $40 billion annually. Compared to the $3.6 trillion the U.S. now collectively spends each year on health care, that is not a large amount. What makes the legislative battle over surprise billing so important is less the savings it could produce than what the fight itself represents: a dry run for broader reform. If Washington cannot deal with a problem so obviously egregious, it is difficult to envision how it could address rising costs more broadly.
Congress decided the PEU boys need that $40 billion more than citizens need relief from unjust practices. 
  

The Guardian reported HCA's recent PEU like strategies.

HCA is currently pushing employees to accept several concessions to pay and benefits, including wage freezes, elimination of 401k retirement contributions, and signaling the possibility of layoffs, with non-union employees already forced to accept freezes to annual wage and salary raises.
HCA received about $1bn in federal coronavirus relief that does not have to be repaid, and over $4bn in accelerated medicare payments.
Moody's recently reviewed HCA and stated:

HCA also has industry leading profit margins and makes significant investments in its key markets in order to drive future organic growth. HCA has a long track record of stable operating performance and strong cash flow
Just as Congress prioritized surprise medical billing over fair practices for the common person, HCA places profits over fair treatment of employees.

Meanwhile, private equity firms look to make hay from the Fed and Uncle Sam's cash fire hose.  Carlyle saw China scramble over the coronavirus and bought blood plasma software company MAK Systems in February.  Carlyle affiliate Ortho Clinical received federal money to develop COVID-19 antibody tests, which help with blood plasma treatment (MAK Systems).

How many $1 million COVID-19 medical bills can PEU healthcare make?

Sunday, June 21, 2020

What's Wrong with this Picture?




The Carlyle Group's stock closed Friday a mere 13 cents below its mid-December 2019 close. After not asking for financial assistance at least one private equity firm with $72 billion in AUM received federal subsidy.  It later decided it did not qualify and returned taxpayer money.  No word yet on how many private equity affiliates received federal subisidies, which continue to expand.

Saturday, June 20, 2020

Carlyle Retains Minority Investment in Golden Goose


The Carlyle Group sold it majority stake in Golden Goose on June 16, 2020.  Carlyle inked the deal mid-February before the coronavirus pandemic wreaked havoc on the global economy. In the interim Golden Goose closed some retail stores as countries tried to stem the virus' spread.


Golden Goose chief executive officer Silvio Campara has taken the proverbial bull by the horns, deciding to skip a season as the coronavirus spreads, Italy is in lockdown and stores are closed.
There's no word if Carlyle had to lower the price of Golden Goose, like many deals made before the economic free fall from COVID-19 lock-downs.  Buyer Permira did not pull a Carlyle and walk away from the deal (as The Carlyle Group did with American Express Global Business Travel).

I imagine Carlyle told Permira that Fed Chief Jay Powell's trillions in financial intervention made Golden Goose more valuable, not less.  The stinking rich got stinkier thanks to Powell's trillion dollar firehose.  Jay Powell is a former Carlyle executive, as is Fed Vice Chair Randall Quarles.


The Carlyle Group bought Golden Goose in March 2017.  In September 2018 Golden Goose makes luxury sneakers that looked anything but:  Time reported:

Italian luxury sneaker brand Golden Goose came under fire after it debuted a pair of $530 sneakers that are styled to look dingy and worn-out with duct tape accents that’s described on Nordstrom’s website as “crumply, hold-it-all-together tape.”

“[Our] company is proud to highlight its pioneering role in the booming of the distressed look, one of the current biggest trends in fashion,” the Venetian label said in a statement to Us magazine. “The duct tape reinforcements appearing on the [Superstar sneaker] style pay homage to the West Coast’s skater culture — professional skaters, who have inspired the brand’s shoe collections from the beginning, repair their shoes with the same kind of tape.”

The design is a riff on the “distressed” fashion trend, but some shoppers think that the intentional wear and tear of a pair of brand-new sneakers is in poor taste, especially when seen in the context of those whose shoes look like that because of economic depression as opposed to a style trend.
Carlyle holds a stake in Supreme, another retailer appealing to urban, skater culture.  Supreme founder James Jebbia came under fire recently for his ties to The Carlyle Group.  A Carlyle affiliate makes tear gas, flashbangs rubber bullets and other crowd control, suppression products used against. Jebbia's loyal customers.

Carlyle's golden touch remains.  Golden Goose did not fall into bankruptcy as did two private equity retailers, J. Crew and Neiman Marcus.


Summer brings what to an America losing its battle against the coronavirus while forced to wrestle with its racists underpinnings?  Recall Thomas Jefferson could have freed his slaves after a dear friend willed him the funds to do so.  Instead Jefferson innovated in the financial arena, using his slaves as collateral for a loan from a Dutch bank.  That's PEU worthy.

The young and wealthy need not worry about that.  Golden Goose encourages:



Carlyle is having a golden summer thanks to Jay Powell and Golden Goose.  Superstar is their motto.  Grapes and cherries for the PEU boys and their sponsored politicians.  Nothing for you.

Update 6-21-20:  Taylor Swift's Golden Goose shoes remain ripe for some type of symbolic act as Carlyle remains a minority shareholder.

Thursday, June 18, 2020

Carlyle Winning Under COVID-19



The Carlyle Group has several ways to make money off the coronavirus.  Reuters reported:

Private equity firm Carlyle Group Inc-backed Ortho Clinical Diagnostics said on Wednesday its COVID-19 antibody testing program received a grant of $678,000 from the U.S. Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA).

The medical firm said it currently makes two COVID-19 tests - a total antibody test that detects all COVID-19 antibodies and the IgG test, which detects a specific antibody that appears in the patient's blood in the later phase of the infection and remains elevated even after recovery.
In late February Carlyle bought blood products software maker MAK Systems.  Blood plasma is one of the treatments for those ill with COVID-19.  MAK Systems is a blood plasma play.  Plasma carries the antibodies that could help sick patients recover.   

Carlyle could be both a testing and treatment play, especially since the Fed and Congress sent a fire hose of cash to keep companies from failing.  

The Carlyle Group's stock closed at $30.94 today, well off its March low of $17.08.  Fed Chair and former Carlyle executive Jay Powell rescued his brethren with promises to buy corporate bonds.  It's not clear if Powell bought bonds from any Carlyle affiliates.  I am curious if Jay's Fed bought any Ortho Clinical bonds.  

Saturday, June 13, 2020

Carlyle Group Affiliate Yashili Sickened His Child, Sent Him to Jail


Caixin reported:

The father of a girl who became sick during a 2008 tainted milk scandal in China says he will not give up his battle for compensation.  Guo Li was jailed for five years after being accused of trying extort money from Yashili International Holdings, however, a court in China’s Guangdong province overturned his conviction.  Guo, who was exonerated after serving his full prison sentence, is now seeking compensation from the courts, the police and Yashili for a nine-year ordeal which he said has left him scarred physically and mentally.

“I feel like an ant taking on an elephant,” Guo, a former interpreter, said in a telephone interview with The Australian Financial Review in English.  “My case is unusual in China. I am pressing for the full package in terms of compensation. I was wrongly sentenced to five years in prison. I was physically and mentally harmed. My daughter is sick.”
The Carlyle Group invested in Yashili just after Chinese children were sickened and killed by tainted infant formula.  Carlyle 's 17.3% ownership came in September 2009, just after Yashili accused the father of extortion   Carlyle's due diligence would have the PEU very aware of risks.

What made Guo Li so dangerous that Yashili would use the police and legal system against him?

Guo campaigned on behalf of other parents and made headlines in China.
Mr. Li was convicted in 2010.  He spent one year in police detention and another four years in the prison system.  In 2013 The Carlyle Group sold its stake in Yashili.

Based on the offer price, Carlyle’s stake in Yashili is worth $388 million, or nearly two times its original investment in 2009.
Does Supreme's James Jebbia know the Guo Li story?  I'll venture Taylor Swift learns about Mr. Li as she continues her battle with the man filled Carlyle Group.  Many are harmed in the wake of private equity ownership.  Greed does that.  

Update 6-16-20:   The City of Missoula's bad faith lawsuit against Carlyle has been delayed due to the coronavirus pandemic.  The city's attorneys say they have evidence of Carlyle Grouo fraud and malice.  Another lawsuit comes from a Carlyle hedge fund employee.  It claims Carlyle wrongfully terminated the whistleblower after complaining the firm "allowed nearly $2 billion worth of investment funds, including teachers’ and firefighters’ pension accounts, to drain down to less than $50 million without telling the account administrators."   

Saturday, June 6, 2020

Supreme Cool Under Fire for Carlyle Group Sponsorship


Inside Hook reported:

Supreme is a streetwear brand with over two decades of history that just made a $500,000 contribution to Black Lives Matter, Equal Justice Initiative and other like-minded causes.

Dig deeper into the brand, however, and you find a company with a troublesome ownership group very much at odds with the brand’s purported ethos.

As Monster Children pointed out, Supreme founder James Jebbia sold half the business to The Carlyle Group in 2017, a global investment firm with ties to the defense industry — including ownership of Combined Tactical Systems, a company that (as MC suggests) “specializes in the manufacture of military and police equipment such as tear gas canisters, flash grenades, breaching munitions (rubber bullets), and handcuffs.”
 Carlyle bought half of Supreme in October 2017.  Pitchbook noted:

Which brings us back to why a firm in the decidedly uncool realm of private equity would pursue a brand that exists at the intersection of fashion, music, sports and pop culture. 
By backing an apparel company that does things differently, Carlyle is hoping to find a different result (than the string of private equity owned retail bankruptcies). 
CNBC reported Supreme's popularity arises from youthful rebellion:

One explanation for Supreme’s popularity with young consumers — enough so to make them line up for hours at a time — has to do with the idea that the brand’s products are “emblematic of rebellious youth culture,” according to Gage.

“I would call it a brand that’s heavily integrated with art and culture that tends to drive demand through consumer desire and consumer passion as opposed to explicit marketing.
What happens when youthful rebellion realizes Supreme is 50% owned by a war profiteering private equity underwriter (PEU)?  Carlyle affiliate Combined Tactical Systems sells crowd control and suppression products to militarized police departments, as well as armies around the world.

Carlyle invested in Combined Tactical Systems in 2005, via debt and a minority equity interest.  Carlyle's press release stated:

"Under the brand name Combined Tactical Systems, develops and manufactures "less-lethal" munitions for the defense and law enforcement industries". "
With our expertise in the defense industry, we are excited about this investment and look forward to pursuing acquisitions alongside Point Lookout to grow CSI’s business," said Leo Helmers, Managing Director of Carlyle Mezzanine Partners. 

Headquartered in Plainview, New York, CSI develops, manufactures and sells its products to the U.S. armed forces and other federal agencies, state and local police departments, and foreign military and police agencies around the world
Egyptian "Arab Spring" protesters in Tahir Square felt the sting of Combined Tactical Systems teargas in November 2011.  The last week of White House protests included a mass assault of peaceful protesters with products like those made by Carlyle's CTS.

Supreme announced it will donate $500,000 in the fight for racial equality.


How will youthful protestors resolve the Supreme-Carlyle Group disconnect?


Maybe a bottle of $300 Supreme cologne will take the sting out of any lingering teargas effects.  That's Carlyle's hope.

Carlyle Buys Four Old Trailer Parks in Mesa, AZ


AZ Central reported:

A Washington, D.C.-based investor paid $230 million for four older Mesa mobile home parks on Monday, upping its stake in Arizona’s affordable housing market.

The Carlyle Group bought more than 1,000 mobile and manufactured home lots in four parks built mostly in the 1960s and 1970s, according to public real estate records.
AZBigMedia added:

The portfolio sale consists of a total of 1,583 mobile home stalls on 187 acres, for an average of $145,293 per unit.
The Carlyle Group has a history of making affordable mobile homes unaffordable. The greed and leverage boys like to work under the radar so there will be no Trump like branding for the parks.  

Mobile home parks will not be named for Carlyle founders Rubenstein, Conway and D'Aniello.  There will be no communities in honor of Carlyle's co-Presidents, no Younkinsville (Glenn) or Leesburg (Kewsong).

The average monthly cost to live in a Valley mobile home is about $700, compared with the average rent for a two-bedroom apartment of about $1,300.
How will Carlyle's purchase of high demand low income housing unfold in the Mesa area?  

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, investors were working to turn some of the parks closer in, particularly near light rail, into high-end housing developments. Longtime residents relying on the affordable rents lose their homes and often must move farther away from jobs, schools and public transportation. 
How many residents in the three 55+ mobile home communities worked for a private equity affiliate?  How many lost a defined benefit pension as a result of PEU ownership?  How many will lose their mobile home as the Carlyle Group raises rents?  


Lot rents on private-equity-owned properties have risen as high as 15% over two years
The Carlyle juggernaut is back on track, eating up corporations and real estate.  Cheap Fed money and direct U.S. bailouts are high octane fuel for the PEU boys.  

Thursday, June 4, 2020

Labor Department Opens 401(k)s for PEU Investments


CNBC reported on a federal labor initiative in the midst of a coronavirus pandemic:

Savers using 401(k) plans may soon be able to invest their retirement money in private equity, long considered strictly the province of the well-to-do.

The U.S. Labor Department issued guidance Wednesday stipulating that business owners with 401(k) plans can more safely offer certain funds with a private equity component to their employees.
Labor Secretary Eugene Scalia's former law firm has a private equity practice.  Their website states:
Gibson, Dunn, Crutcher’s Private Equity Practice represents many of the largest and most active financial sponsors, sovereign wealth funds and other investor groups around the world.
We provide a full-service solution to our private equity clients.  We handle deals ranging from venture and growth capital transactions through multibillion-dollar club deals.  In close coordination with lawyers in other Gibson Dunn practice areas, we provide a comprehensive service including:
  • Due diligence and compliance
  • Deal negotiation, documentation and execution
  • Tax structuring
  • Acquisition finance
  • Corporate governance
  • Management equity
Post-acquisition, we work with client portfolio companies on a wide range of matters, including business and financial restructurings, add-on acquisitions and leveraged recaps.  We handle private equity exit transactions, including trade sales and initial public offerings.  Because of our international reach, we are involved in some of the most complex multijurisdictional deals.
We also work closely with the fund formation teams of our Investment Funds Practice Group, providing cutting-edge sophistication in the organization of private investment funds and fund management companies, as well as other fund-related matters.
Scalia was sworn in as Labor Secretary on September 19, 2019.  That's fast work on behalf of the greed and leverage boys, major clients of his former law firm.  Secretary Scalia spoke on behalf of the change in a press release.

“This Information Letter will help Americans saving for retirement gain access to alternative investments that often provide strong returns,” U.S. Secretary of Labor Eugene Scalia said. “The Letter helps level the playing field for ordinary investors and is another step by the Department to ensure that ordinary people investing for retirement have the opportunities they need for a secure retirement.”  
More like PEU founders will gain access to a new, massive pot of money, courtesy once again of Uncle Sam.  

Two former Carlyle Group executives head up the Federal Reserve Bank.  Fed Chief Jay Powell and Vice Chair Randall Quarles turned Carlyle's fortunes around.   The Carlyle Group's stock price is up from $17 on March 18th to $30 today, a 76% increase.

Who knew a global pandemic would be good for the PEU boys?  In America politicians Red and Blue love PEU.

Time will reveal where Scalia ends up after his public service.  Will he go back to Gibson Dunn or officially become a PEU boy?

Footnote:  Gibson Dunn helped Carlyle buy Synagro Technologies, the firm that bribed the wife of U.S. Congressman John Conyers.

Update 6-5-20:  Stocks are set to roar due to a surprise add in jobs from Labor Department statistics.

...the Labor Department noted inconsistent classifications of workers due to pandemic-related effects meant the unemployment rate would have been about 3 percentage points higher than was actually reported.
Carlyle Group stock is up $1.50 to $31.25 a share.

Carlyle Adds 51.4% of Fortitude Re, Can Make Capital Calls on Affiliate


AIG is not American Express.  The Carlyle Group closed on its deal with AIG for Fortitude Group Holdings, a re-insurer of several AIG legacy lines.  Carlyle walked away from its deal for American Express global travel unit mid coronavirus pandemic.

Carlyle will own 71.5% of Fortitude Re, the reinsurer of $30 billion of reserves from AIG’s Legacy Life and Retirement Run-Off Lines and $4 billion of reserves from AIG’s Legacy General Insurance Run-Off Lines related to business written by multiple wholly-owned AIG subsidiaries.

SEC filings on the deal state:
AIG sold a 19.9 percent ownership interest in Fortitude Holdings to TC Group Cayman Investments Holdings, L.P. (“TCG”), an affiliate of Carlyle, in November 2018 (the “2018 Fortitude Sale”).

As a result of completion of the Majority Interest Fortitude Sale, Carlyle FRL purchased from AIG a 51.6 percent ownership interest in Fortitude Holdings and T&D purchased from AIG a 25 percent ownership interest in Fortitude Holdings; AIG retained a 3.5 percent ownership interest in Fortitude Holdings and one seat on its Board of Managers.

The approximately $2.2 billion of proceeds received by AIG at closing include (i) the approximately $1.8 billion under the Majority Interest Fortitude Sale, which is subject to a post-closing purchase price adjustment pursuant to which AIG will pay Fortitude Re for certain adverse development in property casualty related reserves, based on an agreed methodology, that may occur on or prior to December 31, 2023, up to a maximum payment of $500 million; and (ii) a $383 million purchase price adjustment from Carlyle FRL and T&D, corresponding to their respective portions of a proposed $500 million non-pro rata distribution from Fortitude Holdings that was not received by AIG prior to the closing.

In connection with the Majority Interest Fortitude Sale, AIG, Fortitude Holdings, and TCG have agreed that, effective as of the closing, (i) AIG’s investment commitment targets under the 2018 Fortitude Sale (whereby AIG had agreed to invest certain amounts into various Carlyle strategies and to make certain minimum investment management fee payments by November 2021) have been assumed by Fortitude Holdings and AIG has been released therefrom, 
Fortidue Re is obligated to invest $6 billion in Carlyle funds, which places it at risk for capital calls, in addition to management fees and dividend bleeding. 

Carlyle's cash mining sank nursing home giant ManorCare and refinery Philadelphia Energy Solutions, which went up in a giant fireball.   What harm can Carlyle do should it default on Fortitude Re?

Update 7-8-20:  KKR will buy life insurer Global Atlantic for book value, $4.4 billion.  "The buyout group is using its own balance sheet to fund the deal, which will boost KKR's assets under management by a third, to $279bn."  How much did liabilities under management increase with the deal?